It’s not just young people who are adopting the Internet as their primary source of media. ACMA research indicates that the 50+ demographic are adapting to superior technologies at much the same rate as younger people. This only makes sense as older people most often have children and grandchildren who have connected them to the Internet to aid family communication. This informal computer education within the family becomes an important part of the bonding of the family and the computer quickly becomes a very valued and warmly accepted part of an older person’s life. It also opens the entire world up to people who are often isolated due to infirmity.
Older Working People work in places that have Internet and computer technology in place. It would be very hard to find an Australian work place these days that doesn’t in some way rely on the Internet. Thus the majority of retiring Australian’s will already have significant Internet skills. The ACMA study the “Use of digital media and communication by older Australians” (2012) demonstrates that older Australians do not “Live on the internet” like so many of their younger counterparts, they are selective about what they use it for showing great loyalty to selected or favourite past times. They tend to be more loyal to favourite sites, rather than surfing continually to others; which means when they find something on the Internet that meets their needs they stick to it.
DIGITAL RADIO IN AUSTRALIA THE FACTS
iDigital or internet assisted digital Radio has shown steady growth in Australia over the last decade. 3G and fixed line internet covers 98% of Australia: that's about 40% more coverage than FM Radio and 78% more coverage than DAB+. It is becoming increasingly rare to find any individuals or households without the ability to receive iDigital on phones or computers. There are about as many mobile phone services as there are people in Australia.
Indeed all media is progressively migrating to the Internet, Radio being high among its uses. In "Enduring concepts Communications and media in Australia" (2011) the ACMA found that:
The technology shifts to internet platforms, digital communications and faster broadband networks have blurred historical distinctions between Radiocommunications, telecommunications, broadcasting and the internet.
Television Ratings group OzTAM predicted this trend in 2007:
TV viewing has dropped by 6% in the last 5 years, with 16-39 years olds abandoning it in droves. On the other hand Internet use by 14-25 year olds doubled from 18 per cent in 2002 to 36 per cent in 2007.
National Broadcaster Austereo did some Research on listening to Radio via the Internet also:
On average people were listening to radio on the internet for two hours and 42 minutes a week on mobiles for one hour and 41 minutes and via pod casts for 54 minutes.
City Radio Begins to lose ground to portable cassette players
The Sony Walkman revolutionizes personal music
The iPod brings personal high quality music on the move. City Radio disappears from the picture.
The iPhone and Android bring a new type of Radio back into the picture in the form of iDigital Radio.
The iDigital Radio listener makes technology purchases, like many Australians they own or buy smart phones and computers. Indeed they are often early technology adopters They also have a higher than average income and often purchases products and services online.
Competing methods of Digital delivery have very poor uptake in Australia, due to inconsequential sales of DAB+ radio units when aligning sales results to a population of 22,620,600 people.
After three years and millions of dollars promoting DAB+ technology, less than 5% of the population or 1.2 Million people out of 22,620,600 access Radio via DAB+ (Source: Commercial Radio Australia). Conversely there are 16.2 Million Data enabled phones in Australia, 12 Million Internet services, 96% of which are high speed broadband (Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics). Despite this AC Nielson claim that DAB+ Radio has a higher share in Australian Digital Radio listening in their publication “Radio Advertising Australia’s listening” (2010), they do however omit to mention several key factors pertaining to this finding: Nielson is paid millions of dollars per year by mainly Metropolitan Radio Stations to produce Radio ratings. Despite these ratings completely contradicting impartial research funded by the ACMA that say the exact opposite; Nielson continue to stand by results that suggest things that basic common sense says are highly implausible. Nielson says that AM Radio for example is the highest rating in Australia, thus despite a worldwide decline in a technology that is a relic (it’s even being phased out completely in places like Africa); somehow in Australia it is not a relic because several large Broadcasting companies have a major stake in it? What indeed would happen if Nielson produced ratings that said no one was listening to AM/FM at all, would they get a renewed contract to produce “The Ratings”? In this publication Nielson is referring to people listening to the Internet streams of the Broadcasters who paid for the survey only. These figures do not refer to Internet listening in general in Australia, just where they apply to Commercial Radio Stations and their blinkered view of media in Australia. In a comparison of DAB+ and iDigital the numbers (and indeed common sense) speak for themselves. The iDigital Radio listener is an “active” rather than passive media consumer Australian Metropolitan FM Radio currently relies heavily on the concept of “exposure” to bolster falling advertising revenues. The argument is that people are experiencing radio even if they do not actively turn it on themselves to listen to it. When they walk past a building and the Radio is playing, that it is claimed is a Radio listener. When a car pulls up beside them at the intersection and a Radio is playing in that car, again both of them are listening to the radio apparently, this in a noisy city like Sydney! This argument however does not hold up when we accept that the human being is very good at filtering out noise around them (particularly in noisy cities), otherwise we would not be able to read to ourselves or sleep at night. In fact it is estimated that we receive around one billion sound stimuli every second to our brains yet the human brain manages to filter out all but about 100 sensations. Human beings choose what they do and don’t pay attention to, even if it is all around them. Also simply because a Radio is turned on, this does not mean it is being actively listened to; very often it is just background noise because some people “always turn it on while they are doing something”. The Internet provides broad choice in activity. There are millions of websites and when a listener chooses to listen to an iDigital audio stream this is clearly an active qualified decision. Where there is a choice of maybe ten radio stations on any given Radio dial, there are choices in the millions on the Internet. So when a person chooses to listen to an iDigital station this is a valuable and highly specific, patently active choice made out of millions of choices rather than just idly out of a handful. iDigital Radio is hard to avoid When people use the internet on a fixed or mobile device there is a high level of alertness. Bright screens and interactive content keep people’s attention while FM Radio is just “there” in the background fighting for a wandering mind. iDigital is hard to avoid: it is experienced commonly through earphones directly in the ear, or computer speakers close to the listener facing them. The listener is in a situation where they must listen to it, or simply turn it off. Therefore every iDigital listener is of far greater value – iDigital is very much “in their face” and they are constantly making an active choice to continue to listen through advertising breaks and back into music. iDigital Radio is a “conjoined” medium iDigital Radio has close ties with social media such as facebook, Twitter and other mass interest websites, indeed iDigital Radio is a close part of the complete Internet experience. iDigital Radio is another thing that a person can “do” on the Internet as against a loose attempt to meld a new technology with one that is ninety years old and received on a completely separate device. DAB+ radio, even though a new technology has the same limitations. iDigital is the most easily remembered and accessed The majority of household Radio’s do not possess functions for storing favourite stations; car radios have traditionally had this feature. These features have never been very simple to use and the majority of people simply remember the stations number or leave the station tuned in place instead of trying to find it each day. Whilst it is not outside the grasp of the average individual to program a car radio memory, often people are lazy with technology or forget how to use it. iDigital Radio relies on the colourful, easy to use one click shortcut system found in all Internet browsers and on phones. Favourite Stations can be quickly stored right on the desktop of user devices. It is accessed identically to other world renowned favourite pastimes like Facebook, texting, email and Twitter. iDigital is transported with the user Metropolitan media consumers have a wide variety of choice. This choice began with the advent of the Sony Walkman and later the Apple iPod. This suited the media needs of the Metropolitan consumer as they tended to be less involved with their local community not needing the bundled information of Radio. Of course this technology has now been superseded by mobile phones and the iPod Touch. During this same period advances were made in car entertainment starting with cassette players, CD players then car MP3 players. Concurrently broad claims continued to be made about in-car Metropolitan Radio listening when the plain experience of any given individual was always that of self-entertainment. The Radio was rarely of interest on the shorter trips around Metropolitan areas, its role was relegated to the longer regional trips when CD’s or MP3’s had been played repeatedly. These days Mobile phones go everywhere with most individuals. Unlike a car entertainment system it goes with an individual into the car and comes out with them again. Whatever an individual was doing on the phone is transported with them to the car environment transparently. Indeed the use by individuals of their phones in the car environment has become so common that NSW was recently forced to pass new “cradle” safety laws. Their research clearly recognizes the high use of phone Audio in cars: “You are allowed to use the ..audio functions of a phone while driving” (RTA 2012). This means someone listening to iDigital Radio on their smart phone outside a car is very likely to simply transparently transport that experience with them. As the phone remains an integral part of the car environment there is less likelihood that iDigital will simply be switched off in favour of in car Radio. Mobile phones are a self-contained, compact technology. While they have significant ability to integrate with other larger devices via systems like blue tooth they can provide very pleasant and convenient listening outcomes using just the in-built speakers in a car cradle. For the Hi Fi conscious there is a growth in ridiculously cheap, simple to use Chinese car integration kits for phones. Newer generation car cradles both hold the phone and integrate it with the cars built in amplifier and speakers. Whilst car makers are reluctant to include DAB+ radio’s in new cars because of their high cost and the numerous competing standards, 3G Internet Radio enabled receivers are becoming the next step forward in car Radio. In a 2012 Media Consultants Mark Kassof and Co. Conducted a Survey among the top Radio Executives in America. They were asked to rate what they thought was the “biggest threat” to traditional Radio’s future. An overwhelming 84% cited in-car Internet radio as the single biggest “threat”. The percentage held true for both those who were “optimistic” about traditional Radio’s future and those who were not.